Tracking Enforcement Rates in New York City, 2003-2014

This report examines longitudinal trends for the various types of enforcement actions that bring the public into contact with law enforcement. The types of enforcement actions that were included in the report are: criminal summonses, pedestrian stops (i.e. stop, question, and frisk), and misdemeanor and felony arrests. This report analyzes trends by demographic characteristics (age, gender, and race/ethnicity) in order to compare rates by demographics to city-wide rates.

Related Press and Media

New York City to end cash bail for non-felony cases in win for reform advocates (The Guardian)
A needed reprieve for young N.Y. men: Police enforcement actions are way, way down (New York Daily News)
New York City Policing, by the Numbers (New York Times)
Crime Remains Steady as Arrests, Summonses and Stop-and-Frisks Drop in the City (NY1)
Police “enforcement actions” drop during de Blasio’s first year (New York Post)
“Extreme” racial disparity in local N.J. arrests, ALCU report finds (
The Chief: A John Jay Study: Decline in Stops Pays Dividend (The Chief)
Bratton “Shame On” Former Comm. Kelly for Accusations Of Fudging Crime Statistics (CBS)
Ray Kelly says city “doesn’t feel safer” without stop-and-frisk (NY Post)
Who to call on the police instead of the police (Amsterdam News)
Monday Morning Thoughts II: Data Keeps Pointing Away from Crime Wave (The Davis Vanguard)
Anxiety Aside, New York Sees Drop in Crime (New York Times)
Ray Kelly accuses Bratton of fudging “record low” crime stats (New York Post)
The Case Against Stop-and-Frisk, Chapter DXXIII (Reason)
Decline in Stop-and-Frisk Tactic Drives Drop in Police Actions in New York, Study Says (New York Times)
In New York City, Police Stops and Crime Are Both Down (Wall Street Journal)