The Summons Report: Trends in the Issuance and Disposition of Summonses in New York City, 2003-2013

This report examines the issuance and processing of criminal summonses in New York City. It includes longitudinal trends by New York City’s boroughs (i.e., the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island) as well as by age, gender, charge, disposition, and sentence/fines imposed. Additionally, this report examines the proportion of defective or legally insufficient summonses, and which summonses resulted in a warrant.

Related Press and Media

Officials Debate Decriminalizing Minor Offenses (Wall Street Journal)
New Report Proves Broken Windows is a Failed Policy, NYPD Refuses to Accept the Truth Calling Study “Deeply Flawed” (Atlanta Black Star)
After months of negotiations, Council to consider low-level offense reform (Politico)
NYPD accused of destroying evidence showing cops issued bogus summonses to meet quotas (New York Daily News)
NYPD and NYC attorneys accused of destroying proof that cops are writing bogus tickets to hit quotas (Alternet)
Ray Kelly and NYPD brass allegedly destroyed evidence of quotas (Gothamist)
Bratton Explores Giving Warnings in Lieu of Arrests for Minor Offenses (New York Times)
Council seeks deal with NYPD by year’s end to expand use of summonses for minor offenses (
Bratton: Council Plan Would Limit Police Effectiveness (Politico)
Bratton Pushes Back Against Council Speaker’s Proposal to Decriminalize Some Minor Violations (NY1)
Summonses for Minor Crimes Keep Falling, Report Says, but Many Still Lead to Arrest Warrants (New York Times)
NY State’s Chief Judge Supports Major “Broken Windows” Reform (Gothamist)
State’s Top Judge Says Some Minor Offenses Should Be Decriminalized (New York Daily News)
Chief Judge Declares Support for Summons Reform (Politico)
New Study Indicates New York Might Be Better Off Cooling It With Petty Ticketing of Citizens (Reason)
Low-Level Offenses Clog Courts, Lippman Says (New York Law Journal)
NYC Cops Issue 1,000+ “Quality of Life” Summonses Per Day (The Crime Report)
NYPD Commissioner William Bratton Defends “Broken Windows” Policing (Wall Street Journal)
NYC Police Commissioner defends “broken windows” policing but will compromise (Reuters)